Commonly referred to as simply "Timor", it's more politically correct to refer to this region as East Timor since in 2002 the eastern half of the island gained independence from Indonesia, who still controls the western half. Imagine our surprise when we found that the two lots were exactly the same, the conventional lot just wasn't USDA certified due to the high cost of certification. Java. It has a fruity, sweet aroma with caramel and fruity flavors. Sumatra has the earliest harvest season in Indonesia due to it's location as the northwestern most island. Coffee from this western-most island in Indonesia is intriguing and complex, due to the large number of small-holder producers and the unique "giling basah" (wet hulling) processing technique they use. Some of the world's finest premium gourmet coffees are grown in Sumatra and called Mandheling, Ankola,... Sumatra Lintong Coffee. And this is what they grow,… I’ve included a sample of the popular varieties that you can purchase. He goes on to explain that the essence of the bean has changed. The most well known is the island of Sumatra, which is also where most of the coffee from Indonesia comes from, upwards of 75%, so we'll start there! “But of course there’s a particular skill that needs to be learned when using an espresso machine and manual brewing technique,” Indra stated. The production of coffee on the island was devastated by rust leaf (a common fungus that targets and feeds on coffee plants) in the 1880s. The island is also one of the few places in the world that you can find the endangered Komodo Dragon, the world's largest lizard. Most coffee produced in Uganda is Robusta, and is used for making instant coffee. After harvest, coffee is either purchased from farmers by middlemen, or directly exported by large coffee estates and plantations. That's serious commitment to being in harmony with the environment! We're eagerly awaiting crops from some of our favorite Indonesian origins such as Sulawesi, Flores, East Timor, Bali and Java. In short, the coffee cherry is allowed to dry on the bean for a short time before being washed and removed, imparting some of the flavors of the pulp and fruit to the bean. Political correctness aside, the island is home to amazing coffee and we commonly include it with Indonesian coffee, mostly due to the convenience of geographical proximity. “It also means that you need to buy a dripper and filter. In our experience, the two islands have very similar profiles, but we have found Java to typically be a bit cleaner and sweeter while Sumatra tends toward spicy and earthy. The Coffee Year is recognized as being the International Coffee Organization’s accounting period of October to September. The region covers hundreds of miles, from low coastal areas to steeply rising mountain areas. Known as the "Hidden Jewel of Indonesia", Bali produces some of the best coffee coming out of Indonesia. It's widely accepted that coffee was introduced to the island during the British colonial period around 1890, though coffee as an export didn't really take off until the mid 1900s. Java: Spicy, mild, syrupy 3. Indonesian, Asian and Pacific Coffees are known for their smooth flavors and moderate acidity, usually full-bodied and often with earthy elements and a somewhat dry aftertaste. Most of the coffee on Java is produced by Government owned estates but in recent years, smallholder farms have taken off, giving us lucky consumers more and more variety. The crop is produced and exported by more than 60 countries and ranks as one of the top cash crops in the developing world. Dutch colonists planted the bourbon varietal on the island almost 400 years ago. (Sumatran coffee… Because of the lands characteristic in this country is slightly similar with the ones in Colombia, they can also grow in here. Sumatra has the earliest harvest season in Indonesia due to it's location as the northwestern most island. Once again, the coffee here is usually processed with the traditional wet-hulled method, though occasionally we'll find a fully washed or even natural processed lot. Similar to a coop, this organization is based on the Hindu philosophy of "Tri Hita Karana" which teaches that the three sources of happiness are harmony with God, harmony with other people and harmony with the environment. India- Spices like clove and white pepper, sometimes herbal, good body, nose. They may be nutty, earthy, spicy, chocolate-y or all of the above. Currently, most of the coffee production in PNG is divided by two parties: large estates (such as the well-known Kimel Estate) and smallholders who grow only a few coffee plants along with subsistence crops. The Leuser Range is said to be home to one of the most ancient and bio-rich ecosystems on the planet. For Sadat, drinking coffee can be done between 7 a.m. and 8 p.m., depending on each person’s caffeine needs. So if you like all the syrupy body and low acidity of Indonesian coffee but aren't a big fan of all the complex earthiness, Sulawesi coffee is for you! Named for the local population of the region, it has become synonymous with Sumatran coffee; spicy, complex and syrupy. The Portuguese who discovered this island named it simply Flowers or in their native tongue, Flores, for the beauty of the local plant life. This results in a more crisp and subtle cup than coffee from neighboring islands and is preferred by those looking for a cleaner, more acidic profile. (Shutterstock/File). From the ancient times to contemporary era, Indonesian artists keep drawing inspiration from the archipelago’s culture, values, and nature, ensuring the … Lintong coffees are quite sweet and with low acidity, a medium body … Most of the coffee from Java is wet-hulled in the traditional processing method, resulting in the low acidity, syrupy body and complex profile we discussed above with Sumatran coffee. In any case, this extremely high grown coffee (up to 2,000 masl) results in some of the cleanest and smoothest coffee you'll find in Indonesia. In fact, coffee from the Timuza coop (which we featured over the Summer), placed 1st in the 2016 National Cupping Competition. Sulawesi: … November 20, 2020. The best farm-to-cup Indonesian coffees come from three regions: Sulawesi, Sumatra, and Java. Also like coffee from East Timor, PNG coffee is fully washed. in April of one year with the Indonesian and Brazilian robusta crops, and finishing in September of the following year with the end of the crops in Central America, Colombia and Vietnam. Indonesian coffee were very famous in Europe which also known as “black drinks: a cup of Java” and until mid 19 th century, the Javanese coffee considered as one of best coffee in the world. Coffee is a plantation crop adapted to tropical highlands for C. Arabica, and to lowlands for C. canephora. They're complex, syrupy, low acidity and typically extremely... Sumatra. Most Sumatran Coffee Is Wet Hulled Delicious Sumatran coffee is creamy, sweet with a touch of butterscotch, and spice. This semi-washed method is known commonly as wet-hulling and nearly all the coffee in the region are processed in this manner. For about 175 years, Javanese coffee become only commercial type of coffee which grown in Indonesia. Sadat, a barista at Tanamera Coffee Indonesia, suggested you try Malabar Natural originating from West Java. Indonesia produces some of our favorite coffees. Others will have a stouty or mushroom-like complexity that is both savory and herbaceous, and a long, lasting finish that feels like very dark or unsweetened cocoa. Balinese coffee is also a must-try as it has a fruity note that provides a refreshing taste. It’s this wet coffee processing that gives Sumatran coffee its unique characteristics, flavors, and aromas. Originating from South Toraja, South Sulawesi, this type of coffee has caramel and nutty flavors with citric acidity. Coffee beans in Indonesia basically consist of arabica, robusta and liberica, according to Indra Febriansyah, co-owner of Moodbooster Coffee. Coffees from the Pacific Rim countries can be bold, charming, delightful and subtle, but they are never bland or boring. Other coffees are known for their notes while Sumatran can be characterized by their full bodies and low acidity. The flavor profile is completely its own, and that’s what makes this Indonesian origin of coffee so unique. Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). Recently, these smallholders began to organize into coops and have begun to export more and more of the country's coffee crop driving competition and alongside it, higher standards for quality! So technically this doesn't belong under "Indonesian coffee" but we include it in the same category (much like Papua New Guinea, which is also a nation separate from Indonesia) as the characteristics of the coffee are similar. “It depends on your own taste.”. The amazing thing is that all these coops work together in close relationship to bring their coffee to market, imagine that kind of teamwork! Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia and Ethiopia are the most important producers. We recently received a "conventional" (non-organic) lot from Bali as the Organic version wasn't available. They’re characteristics that are inherent in the beans. Less sweet taste character than other countries, pairs well with milk. Have a heavy taste. (kes), Your premium period will expire in 0 day(s), Countries that have blocked travel from UK, WhatsApp to bring voice and video calls to desktop next year, Lab-grown meat makes historic debut in Singapore, one of the world's largest coffee exporters, You may want to rethink that pre-flight cup of coffee, Five must-try legendary coffee shops around Indonesia. Hopefully this doesn't lead to too much confusion! The beans are roasted in-house and there’s an impressive menu inspired by different Indonesian cuisines.Coffee-lovers in Bali are loyal to this place for the authentic coffee sourced from across Indonesia, Africa, and the Americas, and also for its lovely ambiance. Compared to the manual brewing technique, an espresso machine will result in a stronger espresso shot. Indonesian Coffee Growing Countries Sumatra Coffee. “Aceh gayo [coffee] is often used for milk coffee […]; you can expect an acid flavor coming from the coffee, but it can test [your] taste on whether [you] prefer a more acid or earthy-flavored coffee,” Indra explained. The region is known for having fertile, rich soil and a tropical climate with ideal coffee growing conditions. Flores is one of the newest entrants to the world of specialty grade coffee but has taken off in popularity very quickly due to it's high quality and exceptional profile. These aren’t chemically infused flavors. For more on harvest seasons and availability, check out this page! In Sumatra, their unique tasting coffee is attributed to many different factors. The best Indonesian coffees have very movable profiles -- the flavors change remarkably even as the coffee cools in your cup. These active volcanoes keep the soil fresh with extremely fertile volcanic ash which we know is a boon for coffee plants. It has a long and overarching commodity chain that involves production, exporting, importing, roasting, distribution and retail. Indonesian coffees are rich, full-bodied and encompass a wide range of flavors. Papua New Guinea: Full-bodied, sweet, mild 4. There are several regions in Sumatra that produce specialty grade coffee including Mandheling, Lintong and Aceh, all of which are located in northern Sumatra. December 10, 2020, Black Friday Deals, Crown Jewel Coffee and More! Sumatra coffee captures the wild jungle essence of this tropical Indonesian island. In the 11th century the influence of the Srivijaya We typically roast coffee from Timor a bit lighter as well, usually right around Full City as opposed to Full City + or Vienna as it's unique characteristics and subtleties tend to fade in darker roasts. At the end of the quiz you’ll be given your Coffee Colour … The local farmers are members of a traditional farming structure known as "Sabuk Abian." Their low acidity and complex flavor profiles have made coffee from this region special and highly sought after in the coffee world. The Dutch colonists called the island of Sulawesi-Celebes, and you will still sometimes hear people refer to the coffee or the island as Celebes. “The simplest way would definitely be kopi tubruk — it suits our archipelago taste, right?”, Read also: Five must-try legendary coffee shops around Indonesia. This has led to Bali being at the forefront for Organic and Fair trade practices in Indonesia. There is also the widely known French Press which, for Sadat, already gives a satisfying result. Sumatran coffees in particular take to dark roasting well, and so there are often smoky and toasted flavors present in the cup. We've already received new crops from Sumatra and can't wait to try more! 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