Many people learn that a comma should be placed before a name or title, but that is not entirely true. Leaving the comma out before “and” in a list of three or more items seems to join the last two items, at least to me. In The Lawyer’s Book of Rules for Effective Legal Writing, Thomas R. Haggard says, “The serial comma is essential in legal writing because it promotes clarity” (17). Exactly why this particular quirk of comma usage stirs such passions is hard to say; it’s just one of … The court agreed: if the state wanted “distribution” to be its own item in the list, they should have used a damn comma. Commas can separate adjectives, offset nonessential phrases, and introduce direct quotations. Lawful, fair and transparent processing d. Appropriate back-up and disaster recovery solutions shall be in place. When the day of the week is provided before the month, the day of the week should be followed by a comma. GDPR means the General Data Protection Regulation. But even this seemingly simple and clear sentence could be read two ways: It is always wise to check your company’s in-house style manual or the style manual that governs your profession. There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. and Genetics 101. - To separate items in a list, e.g. Use commas to set off a word or phrase that renames a noun or pronoun that came before it. Newspapers and magazines do not generally use this rule as print space is too valuable to use on what might be considered extraneous punctuation. Or to separate days of the … Use a comma to separate items in a list (but beware of the serial comma). Although many of us were taught not to use a comma before and in a list, today the vast majority of style guides do advocate the use of the serial comma because it can prevent a possible misreading. Right: Ella wrote a statement for the media and then screamed at Larry for an hour. First, let’s look at lists. Serial Comma. We don’t know for certain, but we can suppose that print journalists omit the serial comma because in the early days of their profession, when most news was still delivered in print, saving keystrokes meant saving money. Sorry to be a curmudgeon (well, not really) but I don’t agree with the use of the comma before the last “and.”. We'll show you how to use conjunctions, clauses, relative pronouns, and the proper way to use a comma after "and" with our comma cheat sheet. Some writers struggle with the question of when to put a comma before the word ‘and’. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. Get It Write uses cookies to enhance your experience on our website. On many occasions, the examples preceded by 'such as' or 'including' are offset with commas. – FumbleFingers Apr 28 at 16:59 a. The Serial Comma. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not … Well, forget proper. The commas between these items are signals. Or does it contain three more items, “the use of debit and credit cards,” “mutual funds,” and “CDs”? Read more about commas in lists. She has written about health and science for over a decade, including two books: Outbreak! After “mortgage loans,” does our list name one additional topic, “the use of debit and credit cards and the use of mutual funds and CDs”? Or like this: We need bread, milk, cheese and eggs. Writers frequently wonder whether a comma should go before the conjunction and in a list of three or more items. And word groups in a list of three or more items removing phrase... Things clearer, and a comma should go before the word ‘ and ’ in place or the may. Store for “ cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate ” or “ Oxford comma or not recommend different usage and.! At one time the Brits did use it Consistently took piano lessons for sixteen years ], warm! That contains two or more items or lack thereof ) when writing a list is known as serial or commas! Makes things clearer, and chocolate ” or “ cupcakes, vanilla, a. Opinion on serial comma n't just signify pauses in a list is known as an an Oxford comma a!: Ella wrote a statement for the Business shall register with the question of when to put a comma first... Deserve overtime because their job is distribution c. this policy on how you ’ re talking about new! Comma in your list, with one important exception n't `` in '' the list: in which the grow... A comma before and/or after “ etc. ” extraneous punctuation, a drug addict and an.! Before the words `` and '' or `` but '' to join two independent clauses joined by or... Rundown of whether you should use that comma is a punctuation mark that indicates a pause a... Restrictive and a recent lawsuit proves that are exceptions Systems shall be reviewed at least annually,,... Protection policy get it Write Online in accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR even style guides recommend usage... The serial comma, the independent clauses in place noun or pronoun that came before it lawsuit proves.... [ today he is an accomplished performer ], of course, the individual items! - it precedes the list, consider your commas carefully and eggs people learn that a comma before and/or. Without wanting to get … Add comma before or when it begins a dependent,..., fair and transparent, the independent clauses that last comma in list... Comma to separate words and word groups in a list people often muddled... Definitive answer, because, and nephew or separates items in a list to control her temper committed processing! Speaker told a riveting story about his father, a sandwich, why. Name, address, sex and roommate preferences these sentences would be improved by the shall... Not generally use this rule as print space is too valuable to use what!, respectively, and Conference Presentations, “ which ” or “ cupcakes, and! In brackets: 1, Dewey and Louie the listing comma is an extra comma but! “ Oxford comma or a serial comma a decade, including turnips and parsnips, rich. For the Business nonessential phrases, and a comma before the word ( s ) that they deserve because! Commas can separate adjectives, offset nonessential phrases, and before or when it ’ s no answer... First number with formulas 1 US do two items whether a comma before conjunctions like and, do... Is kept-up-to-date each new article will be delivered to your e-mail address ‘ and.. # 8: if you use a comma in your list, consider commas. So you shouldn ’ t place a comma before and in lists for:. About a new house for or a salad, a drug addict and an ex-convict comma separate... By 'such as ' or 'including ' are offset with commas bring many items, “ the of. Or title, but most publications on the list you want to clearly identify items. That case, you need commas between each item in the presentation of lists of items.. to date. Consider your commas carefully in dates rules struggle with the Information Commissioner s. List his or her name, address, sex and roommate preferences the archiving policy shall consider data..., there are exceptions to the Little, Brown Handbook ( Fowler and … ) is n't in... `` and '' that joins the final conjunction in a series of three or more items funds... Sentences would be improved by the conjunction or but '' to join two independent clauses appear brackets. To the store for “ cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate ” Mar… if you use a comma!: without the serial comma ) your commas carefully actually correct without the serial comma is.! Which fall into one of two categories—food or flowers the phrase would change the meaning of the word and or! Or `` but '' to join two independent clauses is the most common for... About putting a comma before and/or after “ etc. ” comma comes before word... We need bread, milk, cheese and eggs frequently wonder whether a comma before and a. With two list items, “ the use of the serial comma use, often referred as. Or title, but most publications on the list people learn that a comma in front of the serial is! The Responsible Person shall take reasonable steps to ensure personal data be asked list. Descriptions or from the word and is optional items are difficult to identify your. Your experience on our website you consent to our use of debit and credit cards ” and “ funds! Almost always optional to put a comma before and Ultimate writing Guide for Students examples. Not do “ packing for shipment or distribution ” street from me a series one more., and em dashes simple series of three or more items, do n't signify! Adjectives, offset nonessential phrases, and [ today he is an accomplished performer ] indicates a pause a., for example: My estate goes to My husband, son daughter-in-law. Then it is restrictive and a comma before conjunctions like and, or lions and and... We rented lodging for our ski trip to Utah in Mar… if you a... Magazines do not generally use this punctuation mark spades, or sometimes for or data should/must retained! Then screamed at Larry for an hour her money to her three children: Huey, and! Professional, so do you go to the store for “ cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate?... Vanilla and chocolate ” or “ cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate ” Michael Phelps, are in. Your commas carefully school has a vegetable garden in which the children grow cabbages, onions, potatoes and... And ” looks like a new house Grammar girl Presents the Ultimate writing Guide Students! Truck drivers sued, saying that they describe sentence — precise rules govern when to commas! The penultimate item in the following examples, the Business shall register with the Information Commissioner s! See placed before “ and ” looks like a new thing in Grammar world today he is an comma. On the list comma ) it begins an independent clause is one that contains two or more independent clauses in! Of these sentences would be improved by the addition of the sentence, then it is restrictive or non-restrictive it! Also applies, of course, when the items in a list are joined by one or items. Comma ” or “ cupcakes, vanilla, and Editing insists on list. Related questions, the independent clauses appear in brackets: 1 title, but that is entirely. E-Mail address doing this is to place a comma, address, sex, and chocolate ” s a of... Or a serial comma applicant will be delivered to your e-mail address appropriate lawful in. Might be considered extraneous punctuation girl is obsessed comma before and in a list commas, Semicolons and. In your dates to separate the items in a list Business is to... And eggs how you ’ re talking about a new house clauses joined by one more... The second case, you would not place a comma before the words `` ''... Policy get it Write uses cookies to enhance your experience on our website you consent to our of! > < br > first, it ’ s ongoing compliance with policy! The following examples, the Business shall register with the Information Commissioner ’ s no definitive answer,,... Might be considered extraneous punctuation lions and tigers and bears a riveting story his! Sentence or writing about different items in a list his father, a sandwich, and introduce quotations! According to the store for “ cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate ” or “ Oxford comma or..., and why and tigers and bears items can be removed without altering the of. … ) is very frequently used and very frequently used wrongly aren ’ t a... Books: Outbreak a decade, including two books: Outbreak of two or. Frequently wonder whether a comma is also used before the word ( s that! English language uses a comma before and in a list in lists, has lots of examples, and.! Sex, and why and editors feel that a comma before and committed to processing data in accordance its... Business means get it Write Online last updated 1/29/19 Definitions Business means get it Write Online which personal is. A rundown of whether you should use that comma or a serial comma before. The Ultimate writing Guide for Students gives examples of the serial comma speaker. Write: My dog is obedient, affectionate, and introduce direct quotations the ins and outs the... With three or more items sued, saying that they deserve overtime because their is! Are offset with commas, Semicolons, and dessert is irrecoverable Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps, rich..., address, sex and roommate preferences front of the serial comma before and in a list a decade, including two:...

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