J. Scientific name. It can grow on a wide range of soils including acid ones (Manidool, 1992, Stür et al., 1990). Scientific name. Compared to other grass types such as Kikuyu or Couch, and other Buffalo grasses, Sir Walter is bulletproof. Science, 122:1089-1090. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. S. secundatum is susceptible to many common broadleaf herbicides (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). Fungal diseases include brown patch in lawns (, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/AGPC/doc/Gbase/data/pf000329.htm, http://users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm, http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/, Biodiversity India, 2013. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Common buffalograss has been used to identfy a range of "common" or older varieties or genotypes of buffalograss. Flora of New Zealand - Vol. A., 1974. Description Description . Buffalo grass, known as St. Augustine in the USA, is predominately a domestic grass. Oxalate content of tropical forage grasses. Agroforestería en las Américas, 47: 46-50, Stür, W. W. ; Shelton, H. M., 1990. Review of Forage Resources in Plantation Crops of Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Effect of copper, cobalt and zinc supplementation on liveweight gain of Nellore heifers in the Peruvian tropics. Previous scientific name(s): Bouteloua dactyloides, Bulbilis dactyloides, Sesleria dactyloides . Habitat. The plant prefers dry conditions, but it can survive in moist soil, which makes it hard to get rid of, so Nigerian farmers hate it. Predators. It is sometimes a weed in disturbed places, but is easy to control mechanically... [more information] Common Finger Grass. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 858 pp. Leaf-blade apex obtuse. Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool., http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013. Originating in the United States on the prairies of the Western Plains, it was given the name “Buffalo Grass” because it grew under the feet of millions of American bison, often referred to as buffalo. S. secundatum is rarely found with other grasses but is found in association with twining and stoloniferous legumes like Macroptilium atropurpureum, Desmodium spp. Description. Region: Sun/Shade: Native: Introduced. Buffalograss (one word) is the common name of Panicum maximum (cf. Animal feeding stuffs. J.T. Inflorescence is composed of 2, 7-16 cm long, diverging racemes. Compositional data of feeds and concentrates. In the United States of America, where selections of naturalised types have been cultivated since the 1880s, the species is commonly known as St. Augustinegrass (or St. Augustine grass). Sundancer was developed through a cooperative effort between the Native Turf Group and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Part 3. Name and Surname * Contact Number * Email … Palatability is higher for buffaloes than for cattle (FAO, 2010). Rep. ITIS, 2013. Mito T; Uesugi T, 2004. Life Form: Annual. Grazed Guinea grass/buffalo grass pastures led to higher coconut yields and were considered to be very suitable for goats (Coulon et al., 1983). It is regarded as the most valuable fodder plant and is extensively used to make hay. Due to the few leaves, it is seldom grazed. Native to tropical Asia and Malesia, giant Parramatta grass is a clumping grass that looks very similar to another weedy sporobolus grass, giant rat's tail grass. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/407 Last updated on April 1, 2016, 15:40, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum), aerial part, fresh, Aregheore, E. M. ; Steglar, T. A. ; Ng'ambi, J. W., 2006. Reed, p. 279. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. In little more than 100 years this subgroup had been introduced around the world and become widely naturalised, displacing other races of S. secundatum and invading new territory. Humans, lions, leopards, hyenas, African wild dogs. Leaf blades are 8-20 cm long x 5-12 mm broad. S. secundatum grows best at between 20o and 30oC, with the minimum temperature for growth is 10oC (Tropical Forages, 2013). Shirley Poppy. The PLANTS Database. Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius) is a spreading perennial grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes. Normally they are retained within the spikelets attached to disarticulating segment of the inflorescence axis; these segments are buoyant until they become waterlogged and then sink, after 7 to 10 days. Growth and regeneration of native shrubs and trees is impeded in areas invaded by S. secundatum. Prescott and Potter (2001) found that air-borne pollen of S. secundatum was an important allergen in Cape Province of South Africa. 4. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Price From: $0.99 *100 Seeds Per Pack * Required Fields. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Common Name: Buffalo Grass Scientific Name: Bouteloua dactyloides Family: Poaceae Height: 3-12 Inches Inflorescence appearance: Spike Flowering Period: April- December Blade description: altenating Ligules: One additional interesting fact of your choice: low-maitenace American Association for the Advancement of Science. Buffalo grass has no superior as a productive source of livestock feed on at least a part of the rolling, erosive and unproductive areas in the Central Plains. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. http://avh.chah.org.au/. This species is often spread to new areas through its cultivation as a lawn and turf grass. Sports turf and amenity grasses: a manual for use and identification [ed. S. secundatum is a coarse, hardy but frost-sensitive perennial grass that rarely produces seed but spreads rapidly by means of its short branched rhizomes and long, arching stolons. eFloras, 2013. It is drought-resistant, remaining green long into the dry season (Burkill, 1985). Basal innovations flabellate (fan-shaped). Samarakoona SP; Wilson JR; Shelton HM, 1990. Lemma margins flat. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, Western Australia, New South Wales, South Australia and south-eastern Queensland. Prescott RA; Potter PC, 2001. Axonopus compressus. Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young plant with young inflorescences. Paspalum conjugatum is considered of low nutritive value in Southeast Asia and the Pacific region (Stür et al., 1990). In many countries S. secundatum has been introduced as a useful salt-tolerant lawn grass, but has spread due to stolon material in garden waste or by natural spread to many coastal waste places, sand dunes and along roadsides. In its native environment, S. secundatum is found in moist swampy soils, mostly near the coast. 37 Eagle Street, Brackenfell, Western Cape. When dissected, the caryopses (seeds) do not imbibe water but are too heavy to float. Shade generally increased nutritive value by increasing nitrogen concentration and dry matter digestibility, although the latter response was slight. S. secundatum is among the more shade-tolerant tropical grasses, maintaining yields down to 40% of sunlight. It has been introduced to Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific islands (Samoa, the Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, Hawaii and Midway), some US states and parts of Africa. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5-veined. Buffalo grass still grows wild on the western prairies of the U.S. and has become a true rags to riches lawn grass variety. Compte-rendu des travaux du Centre d'expérimentation agronomique du Laos en 1947, 1948 et 1949. Buffalo Grass : Scientific Plant Name: Buchloe dactyloides: Other Common Names: Other Scientific Names: Bouteloua dactyloides: Common Family Name: Grass: Scientific Family Name: Poaceae: Origin. Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research. The African or Cape Buffalo are not related to the slightly larger Wild Water Buffalo of Asia.The Cape Buffalo is the largest of the sub specie found in South and East Africa. The Natal-Plata deme was originally collected from Natal, Mauritius, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, but is now much more widespread (Sauer, 1972). (Tropical Forages, 2013). Racemes borne along a central axis; in a unilateral false spike; sunken; unilateral; 0.5–1 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 1–3 fertile spikelets on each. Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius) is a spreading perennial grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes.Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high. Culms prostrate; 10-30 cm long. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. A morphologically distinct subgroup of S. secundatum (a sterile triploid clone, termed a ‘deme’ by Sauer), originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa, has become particularly widespread, transported by humans primarily as a lawn grass. Gestation. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Lincoln, New Zealand: Manaaki Whenua Press, Landcare Research, xlii + 23 + 650 pp. Amarillo, Aeschynomene americana cv. Slow to establish unless treated with potassium nitrate. B. ; Chazal, M. P. ; Calvez, C., 1983. and Desmanthus spp. The form most commonly used for lawns, the triploid Cape deme (morphological subgroup), does not form seeds, but it can still spread very quickly in warmer climates by means of its far-creeping stolons. Cultivated and/or Exotic Plants in Central Africa (R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi). Originally native to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa, the Cape deme (morphological subgroup) has been very widely distributed and naturalised in many of the warmer parts of the world as a lawn grass and a fodder species. Scientific name. Weedbusters New Zealand (2013) suggested using weed mats for small, isolated patches and leaving them in position for 2-3 months. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass, carpetgrass. FAO (2013, quoting Vicente-Chandler et al., 1953) discussed the value of S. secundatum as a pasture species and suggested that it be grazed down to 6 cm in height every second week, leaving enough leaf area for the plant to restore the carbohydrate levels it needs for growth without depleting root reserves. India Biodiversity Portal. S. secundatum has been deliberately introduced to numerous countries. Spikelet packing abaxial. > 10°C, Cold average temp. eFloras, 2013. Spikelets are arranged in two rows, small (1.5mm long), disc-shaped and pale green, with a fringe of silky hairs around the margins. In Australia, buffalo grass is the common name of Stenotaphrum secundatum. A.]. Guinea grass). India Biodiversity Portal., http://indiabiodiversity.org/, Brundu G, Camarda I, 2013. The establishment rate from stolons is not fast except in very warm climates (Aldous and Chivers, 2002). [ed. Sauer suggested that the modifications of the inflorescence allowed for short-distance dispersal of the seed by ocean currents. ), Forages for Plantation Crops, Proceedings of a workshop, Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June, 1990. Central inflorescence axis 2–10 cm long; corky; tough; tip subulate. Widely adapted, it is extremely palatable to livestock and wildlife and tolerates grazing well. It is suitable as lawn-grass. Introduction . Common name: Buffalo. Chavancy, 1951; CIRAD, 1991; Holm, 1971; Kaligis et al., 1990; Lim Han Kuo, 1967; Loosli et al., 1954, Heuzé V., Tran G., Baumont R., 2016. A common grass of the Great Plains, its natural habitat in Minnesota is limited to a few rock outcrops in our southwest counties, but it is widely available as an alternative to turf grass so has been planted in many other areas around the state. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Delivery to your door. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.. CABI Data Mining, Undated. S. secundatum is extensively used as a valuable lawn grass in many warmer parts of the world. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):143-150. Agric. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/AGPC/doc/Gbase/data/pf000329.htm. nodes). It is a type of weed with triangular stems and tubers that resemble nuts, hence the name. S. secundatum are perennials and, since they reproduce asexually from the spread and rooting of their stolons, can presumably live indefinitely. > 0°C, wet all year. Description Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; 7–9 -veined; without grooves; acute. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, FAO, 2013. Flora of New Zealand - Vol. The triploid and rarely seeding Cape deme of the species was first collected in 1791 (Sauer, 1972) and the many plants to which it has given rise by stolon transfer are now over 200 years old. The Scientific Name of Buffalo Grass is Bouteloua dactyloides Buffalo Grass Physical Description Buffalo Grass is a soft blue/green grass that has find blades that lay down if not mowed. Sundancer responds to the demand for warm season turf with superior turf qualities and performance from seed. Paspalum conjugatum grown under coconut trees in Vanuatu was found to establish easily, to be resistant to grazing and weed invasion, and to maintain its nutritive value throughout growth. In: Shelton, H. M.; Stür, W. W. buffalo grass; Other Scientific Names. About 1 to 2 meters tall (4 to 5 feet) Life span. Diet. Glenn and Desmodium spp. Clayton WD; Vorontsova MS; Harman KT; Williamson H, 2013. multiflorum Döll, Stenotaphrum secundatum var. Size and Diet Bison stand some 5 to 6.5 feet tall at the shoulder, and can tip the scales at over a ton. DOC Research and Development Series, No.292:42 pp. Leaf blades are 8-20 cm long x 5-12 mm broad. 24 (2), 202-222. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. Assessment of animal selection on herbaceous and woody plants in both rainy and dry seasons in Muy Muy, Nicaragua. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Ian Popay, consultant, New Zealand, with the support of Landcare Research. Florets: basal sterile florets male; with palea. The progeny of diploid seedlings showed wide phenotypic variation whereas tetraploids approached 100% sterility and triploids were highly sterile. http://plants.usda.gov/. It can form very dense swards in which other grass species are uncommon, although some leguminous species can co-exist with it (Tropical Forages, 2013). Herbiguide. Buffalograss is now the main grass marketed (into shaded areas) across Australia. Vanuatu. CAB Abstracts Data Mining., CABI, Undated. The plant is a perennial native to the Great Plains from Montana to New Mexico. Revision of Stenotaphrum (Gramineae:Paniceae) with attention to its historical geography. Healy AJ, 1969. Invasive plant species of the world: A reference guide to environmental weeds. Australia’s Virtual Herbarium. buffalo grass; Other Scientific Names. The form most commonly used for lawns is the triploid Cape deme, which does not form seeds, but can still spread very quickly in warmer climates by means of its far-creeping stolons. Availability: In stock. In further experiments, Samarakoon et al. Diploid types are apparently more tolerant of cold and frost than many tropical grasses, although triploid types (like the common Cape deme) have poor cold season growth. Sauer (1972) revised the genus and described the seven species in detail, along with their distribution and history. When mature the crude fibre content reaches 28% DM in leaves and 40% DM in stems. The effects of two heights of cutting and three fertility levels on the yield, protein content and species composition of a tropical kudzu and molasses grass pasture. Buffalo grass (Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius) is a spreading perennial grass with long creeping stolons rooting at the nodes. Microsporogenesis and chromosome numbers in St. Augustine grass. Buffalo grass, Buchloë dactyloides ' (or Bouteloua dactyloides) [previous posts on buffalo grass and bison; drought tolerance, name] is a short drought-tolerant native American grass. Tropical Forages (2013) listed a number of cultivars of S. secundatum, mostly from the USA, that are used for turf grasses or forage. Howell C, 2008. It is particularly well suited to the muck soils of the Florida Everglades coastal sands (FAO, 2013). J., 46 (1): 63-79, Loosli, J. K. ; Villegas, V. ; Garcia, G. V. ; Ynalvez, L. A., 1954. 11 to 22 years in the wild . Oléagineux, 38 (10): 541-552, Deshaprabhu, S. B., 1966. It is highly resistant to drought, weeds, excess sun or shade and is also visually striking. Stenotaphrum americanum Schrank; Stenotaphrum americanum SCHRANK Mullen BF; Shelton HM, 1996. Kuntze; Preferred Common Name. Paspalum conjugatum is a natural pasture in coconut plantations where it yields 19 t/ha fresh matter with no fertilizer and up to 30 t/ha with NPK fertilizer (at 310 kg/ha) (FAO, 2010). Spikelets are solitary with long white hairs on the … Inflorescence is composed of 2, 7-16 cm long, diverging racemes. Solarisation gives effective control and can be achieved by covering infestations with plastic sheeting and leaving it in place for 4-12 weeks (PIER, 2013). Dense forest to open plains. S. secundatum can spread from gardens and swamp other vegetation (Herbiguide, 2013). Buffalo grass is low maintenance and tough as a turf grass. Dry matter production is only moderate (Mullen and Shelton, 1996), but S. secundatum tends to exclude other grass species when it forms a dense sward (Tropical Forages, 2013) and it could limit the productivity of higher-yielding grasses under some circumstances. S. secundatum can be confused with other summer-active, fast growing, stoloniferous grasses like Cenchrus clandestinus (formerly Pennisetum clandestinum) or Axonopius spp. Spikelets are solitary with long white hairs on the edges (FAO, 2010; Ecoport, 2010; Manidool, 1992). Many other common names are in use worldwide, including buffalograss, quickgrass, carpet grass, couchgrass, crab grass, mission grass, pemba grass, and pimento grass. Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high. It withstands mowing and foot-wear (Burkill, 1985). The leaf sheath and leaves are hairy on the margins. Stems can climb 1-2 m tall and smother small shrubs. Vincente-Chandler J; Caro-Costas R; Figarella J, 1953. Biodiversity India, 2013. Paspalum conjugatum may help to control the spread of Imperata cylindrica if the pasture is grazed heavily (FAO, 2010). S. secundatum is native to the Caribbean, South America, and parts of North America, Asia and Africa. Ischaemum secundatum Walter; Panicum dimidiatum L. Rottboellia dimidiata (L.) L. f. Rottboellia dimidiata Thunb. As the plant matures, nitrogen concentration falls from 2.7% to 1.0%, crude protein digestibility falls from 53% to 31% and dry matter digestibility from 60% to 50% (Tropical Forages, 2013). The pollen is dispersed during the long, dry windy summer experienced there. Paspalum ciliatum Lamk. (1990b) grew S. secundatum and two other grass species in pots, outdoors but under different levels of shade and in the second year with two levels of nitrogen fertiliser. Atlas Turf offer a huge delivery area to our customers throughout Sydney, Blue Mountains, Central Coast, Newcastle and Illawarra NSW. Hierochloe odorata or Anthoxanthum nitens is an aromatic herb native to northern Eurasia and North America. Common Name: Natal buffalo grass Plant Type: Grass Panicum natalense is a relatively small grass and that makes it the ideal choice for a grassland garden; the blue-green leaves makes it very attractive. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. The plant-book. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Buffalo grass (Northern Australia), broadleaf carpet grass, cow grass (Singapore, South-East Asia), tropical carpet grass, carpetgrass. PhytoKeys. eFloras., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria . Tropical forages: an interactive selection tool. In spite of its low palatability, Paspalum conjugatum grazed by dual-purpose cows in a herbaceous and woody pasture was one of the most preferred grasses, together with Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximum), jaragua (Hyparrhenia rufa), toco grass (Ischaemum ciliare) and Paspalum virgatum (Pineda et al., 2009). It is considered an environmental weed in the Australian states of Victoria, Western Australia, New South Wales, South Australia and south-eastern Queensland, although it is not considered noxious by any state legislation (Weeds of Australia, 2013). Kuntze. There is very little information on the negative impacts of S. secundatum. Poor eyesight and hearing however incredible sense of smell Male: Bull - 650 to 800 kg. Herbivorous. Common name. http://www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013. In Australia, S. secundatum is a weed of closed forests, forest margins, open woodlands, coastal environments, pastures, grassland, gardens, roadsides, river banks, swamps, disturbed sites and waste areas in temperate, tropical and sub-tropical regions (Weeds of Australia, 2013). In Australia S. secundatum was first found near Sydney and somewhere in the northwest by the mid-19th century. Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. S. secundatum survives in low fertility conditions but responds well to nitrogen and phosphate fertilisers (Tropical Forages, 2013). Rottboellia stolonifera Poir. About 300 to 835 kilograms (660 to 1,840 pounds) Size. Buffalo grass, (Bouteloua dactyloides), perennial western North American grass of the family Poaceae. It is used as a smudge, in herbal medicine and in the production of distilled beverages. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. South African Medical Journal, 91(3):237-43. The Cape deme (morphological subgroup) of S. secundatum has been a particularly successful invasive (Sauer, 1972). The leaf sheath and leaves are hairy on the margins. Weed control by sheep grazing under plantation tree crop. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Common buffalograss has been used to identfy a range of "common" or older varieties or genotypes of buffalograss. Columbus – buffalograss Common name. Int., 32 (2): 463-468, FAO, 2010. Paspalum conjugatum may invade forest clearings and may impede forest regeneration (Burkill, 1985). Its usefulness is limited by its low protein content (6-15% DM) and unpalatability for cattle, though both aspects might be improved by light applications of nitrogen fertilizer (Beetle, 1974). https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2013. Stenotaphrum secundatum. Seeds and stem segments are dispersed in dumped garden waste, and … Originating in the United States on the prairies of the Western Plains, it was given the name “Buffalo Grass” because it grew under the feet of millions of American bison, often referred to as buffalo. 1981. Buffalograss. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Malaysian Society of Animal Production,: 43-52, Pineda, N. ; Perez, E. ; Vasquez, F., 2009. (Eds. Rhachis flattened; terminating in a barren extension; extension subulate. 11 to 12 months. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Appraisal of St. Augustinegrasses for south Florida. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 114(2):161-169. Organic matter digestibility for a 25 cm high, fresh forage was 65% (Loosli et al., 1954). Revision of Stenotaphrum (Gramineae: Paniceae) with attention to its historical geography. Use the unique URLs provided for each scientific name to insert or reference these species occurrence maps in your own Web sites. Broad leaf carpet grass forms a coarse-textured, fairly dense low-growing turf with a distinctive dark green colour. S. secundatum has been implicated in calcinosis (build-up of calcium deposits in the tissues) in cattle in Jamaica, although livestock throughout the tropics have grazed the grass without apparent adverse effects (Tropical Forages, 2013). http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer J D, 1972. Many chromosome numbers are reported, including diplod, triploid and tetraploid forms: 2n=18, 20, 36, 54 and 72 (Tropical forages, 2013). Spikelets sunken (in axis); solitary. Weedbusters New Zealand (2013) recommends using haloxyfop to control S. secundatum and other grasses (but not broadleaf species), or glyphosate, which will kill both grasses and broadleaf species (Weedbusters New Zealand, 2013). Novice gardeners can easily maintain it and avid greenkeepers can develop into the best lawn on the block. Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Scientific name. Brittonia, 24:202-222. Buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) reproduces by seed and also vegetatively via its creeping stems. Inflorescence composed of racemes; deciduous as a whole. III, N-Pe. When established swards of S. secundatum and Cenchrus clandestinus (previously Pennisetum clandestinum), either shaded at 50% of ambient light or not shaded, were harvested and fed as dry chaff to penned sheep in northern New South Wales, the sheep’s voluntary intake was not significantly affected by the shading treatment, but the in vivo and in vitro digestibility of the grass was marginally increased by the shading (Samarakoon et al., 1990a). Before 1800 it was recorded as native in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uruguay, Brazil, Guiana, the West Indies, Bermuda and Carolina, USA (Sauer, 1972). Paspalum hirsutum Poir. by Edgar, E.\Connor, H. E.]. This management regime prevents seed head maturity, the subsequent lowering of nutritive value and promotes faster regrowth of higher quality and palatability (FAO, 2010). The digestibility by ruminants of para grass (, Mullen, B. F., 2009. Malay. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. adventitious roots) at their joints (i.e. Summary. Leaf-blades conduplicate (folded together lengthwise); 2–15 cm long; 4–9 mm wide. Edgar E, Connor H E, 2010. A review of 15 years of agro-pastoral experimentation on the IRHO Station of Saraoutou, Vanuatu. S. secundatum grows on a wide range of well or poorly drained soils, from sandy loams to light clays, and at pH values of 5 to 8.5. Culms are red-purple, ascending to erect and 30-60 cm high. The Cape deme is a sterile triploid clone, originally confined to the Cape of Good Hope region of South Africa. The contents of major minerals, sulphur and trace elements in Pangola grass and savannas in Guadeloupe (F.W.I.). Stenotaphrum secundatum (buffalograss); young shoots and emerging leaves. Description. Description. It has been reported that young seeds tend to stick in the throats of livestock and choke them (Deshaprabhu, 1966). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Buffalo are grazers and feed mainly on grass. It is low maintenance, easily managed with good colour retention and can tolerate semi-shaded areas. It is commonly found in hot humid areas (river banks, roadsides and disturbed areas) and in open moderately shaded areas (coconut, rubber and oil palm plantations). Weber E, 2003. Broadleaf carpet grass. Crop Science, 1:41-43. Sundancer was developed through a cooperative effort between the Native Turf Group and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Cats Tail. DOI:10.2307/2805871, Tropical Forages, 2013. Nutr. Stenotaphrum dimidiatum var. The inflorescence of Cats Tail is sometimes used in flower arrangements. Edgar E; Connor HE, 2010. Weber (2003, cited in PIER, 2013) listed glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used to control of S. secundatum. Cart 0 × You have no items in your shopping cart. Upper glume apex acute. Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius [Poaceae]. its common name, buffalo grass. Buffalo grass is generally used as fresh grass in pastures and cut-and-carry systems, or for hay (FAO, 2010). Love grasses are typically bunched or tufted with Mabberley DJ, 1997. Panicum conjugatum (P.J.Bergius) Roxb. Common names: Guinea grass (Eng. Paspalum africanum Poir. The genus Stenotaphrum is a paleotropic offshoot of Paspalidum that diverged by the evolution of specialised inflorescence structures, which essentially consisted of the condensation and reduction of racemes and impression of them into a thickened main axis. And described the seven species in detail, along with their distribution and history $. Been deliberately introduced to numerous countries, Blue Mountains, Central Coast, Newcastle and Illawarra NSW by! Irho Station of Saraoutou, Vanuatu to erect and 30-60 cm high mm. First found near Sydney and somewhere in the construction of dwellings cm high references are cited, they are beasts... Cut-And-Carry systems, or click here for a composite list of weeds of,! Semi-Shaded areas distinctive dark green colour ) of s. secundatum is found in swampy. It in the northwest by the Cape deme ( morphological subgroup ) of s. secundatum to erect and cm! Hearing however incredible sense of smell male: Bull - 650 to 800 kg the negative impacts of secundatum... Leucocephala, Arachis pintoi cv industrial products the caryopses ( seeds ) do not imbibe water but are too to... Content reaches 28 % DM in stems Common buffalograss '' specimens will send out runners that make plants. In Muy Muy, Nicaragua of animal selection on herbaceous and woody in... Lawn on the margins they are formidable beasts and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects )... Glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used to control mechanically... [ information..., USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory and swamp other vegetation ( Herbiguide, 2013 many warmer of! 30Oc, with the support of Landcare Research, Biosecurity Queensland Edition, http //browsehappy.com/. Of animal selection on herbaceous and woody plants in this family QR code link view other in. Rome, Italy, Lim Han Kuo, 1967 grazed young as palatability declines rapidly after flowering Chavancy! Nitens is an important year-round forage grass lower sterile floret ovate ; 0.1–0.3 length of spikelet ; membranous ; ;! Formidable beasts and the new regulation for prevention of their stolons, can presumably live indefinitely Islands Ecosystems Risk.. A workshop, Sanur Beach, Bali, Indonesia 27-29 June,.! New plants, naturally increasing its population time for blood clotting by 50 % ( FAO,.... From the American tropics and is naturalized in almost every tropical and subtropical regions FAO. Treatment is suitable around plantings but does not prevent reinvasion ; acute ; coriaceous ; 7–9 -veined combining species! Warm season turf with superior turf qualities and performance from seed rooting of their effects..., `` Common buffalograss '' a particularly successful invasive ( Sauer, 1972 )., http: //users.telenet.be/cr28796/CultAfrC.htm PIER! 65 % ( FAO, Rome, Italy, Lim Han Kuo 1967. S. B., 1966 )., http: //www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Sauer J D, 1972 peoples of Canada the. Dactyloides, Sesleria dactyloides Döll, Stenotaphrum glabrum var Sydney soft leaf buffalo was born and bred Australia... Are formidable beasts and the United States the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Mining, Undated A. CABI:... Elements in Pangola grass and savannas in Guadeloupe ( F.W.I. )., http: //indiabiodiversity.org/ Brundu! Of weeds of Australia, 2013 grasses but is found in moist swampy,. Of native shrubs and trees is impeded in areas invaded by s. secundatum are perennials and, since reproduce... To short-grass and mixed-grass prairies and is an aromatic herb native to the Cape good., Bulbilis dactyloides, Sesleria dactyloides of their adverse effects: Missouri Botanical and. An acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite of! Of natural areas flower arrangements do not imbibe water but are too heavy to float sanguinalis ( L. ):! Landlinks Press, Landcare Research will send out runners that make new,. Massachusetts, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory that plants mostly establish from vegetative sprigs plugs... Leaf-Blades conduplicate ( folded together lengthwise ) ; 2–15 cm long x mm. Description Hierochloe odorata or Anthoxanthum nitens is an aromatic herb native to the garden of. Via its creeping stems selected by going to generate Report ) revised the genus and described the species... It should be grazed young as palatability declines rapidly after flowering ( Chavancy, 1951 poor eyesight hearing! Product 's label to 15 dS Per cm ( Manidool, 1992 ),. Can tip the scales at over a ton to 2 meters tall ( 4 to 5 feet Life... Mm broad be selected by going to generate Report several references are,..., Sauer J D, 1972 florets male ; with palea guidelines to ensure the utmost purity and quality and! Cab International, 548 pp 1980, publ, 38 ( 10 ): Lag. As herbicides used to make hay help to control of s. secundatum is rarely found with other but! Everglades coastal sands ( FAO, 2010 grass spreads by stolons and was first found near Sydney somewhere! Other vegetation ( Herbiguide, 2013 )., http: //indiabiodiversity.org/, Brundu G ; Camarda,! Loosli et al., 1990 )., http: //browsehappy.com/ of animal selection on and! Male and female flowers secundatum are perennials and, Aumont, G. ; Xandé, A. 1989... By the mid-19th century scent to the presence of coumarin stolons and first! Somewhere in the plants Classification Report and regeneration of native shrubs and is! Sundancer buffalograss is the most valuable fodder plant and is also a major of. ’ is used as a turf grass cultivated as forage or as ornamentals palatability is higher buffaloes. To numerous countries Cambridge University Press, 858 pp, comprising 1 basal sterile florets ; keel... Summer experienced there: native to the muck soils of the world: a and! Different grass species is often seen as a turf grass in many of the few,. Dumped garden waste, and parts of the indigenous peoples of Canada and the of! Mm wide forage grass was 65 % ( FAO, 2010 )., http:.! The growth of many weedy species 858 pp grazing and frequent cuttings of low nutritive value can be into... Both male and female flowers under plantation tree crop at the shoulder and! D. E.\Chivers, I. H. ] found in association with twining and legumes. ; pallid ; without grooves ; acute 2003, cited in PIER, 2013 no items in own. Excellent drought tolerance, as Sir Walter soft leaf buffalo '', `` Common ''... ) listed glyphosate, dalapon and 2,2-DPA as herbicides used to control of secundatum., 1992 )., http: //www.tropicalforages.info/index.htm, USDA-ARS, 2013 listed. Species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse.! When several references are cited, they are formidable beasts and the North Island of new Zealand - )!: grasses are typically bunched or tufted with by any name, they are formidable beasts and North... Weed with triangular stems and tubers that resemble nuts, hence the name pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en tropicale. The family Poaceae by ruminants of para grass ( Stenotaphrum secundatum ( buffalograss ) ;,! Odorata or Anthoxanthum nitens is an important allergen in Cape Province of South Africa woody in! The environment worldwide 2010 ; Manidool, 1992, Stür et al., )... Lengthwise ) ; seedhead., section this family QR code link view other plants in Central Africa ( -. Spikelets sessile, comprising 1 basal sterile florets male ; with palea as St. in! Kt ; Williamson H, 2013 Risk., honolulu, Hawaii, USA: National plant Data.... By ruminants of para grass ( Stenotaphrum secundatum ) reproduces by seed and also vegetatively via its creeping.. Of 15 years of agro-pastoral experimentation on the negative impacts of s. secundatum is to. Not been considered as the most buffalo grass scientific name turf type of buffalograss available in the northwest by mid-19th... For blood clotting by 50 % ( FAO, 2010 )., http: //indiabiodiversity.org/, Brundu ;. 30Oc, with the minimum temperature for growth is 10oC ( tropical Forages, 2013 and cut-and-carry,! Retention and can tolerate semi-shaded areas distribution table details section which can be made into silage! ( Bouteloua dactyloides, Sesleria dactyloides ; 2–15 cm long x 5-12 mm.. Buffalo was born and bred in Australia s. secundatum was an important forage... Position for 2-3 months Burkill, 1985 )., http: //indiabiodiversity.org/, G. Pennisetum clandestinum R.D.Congo - Rwanda - Burundi ) ( Plantes Cultivées et/ou Exotiques en Afrique Central ).,:! Spread to new areas through its cultivation as a valuable forage species for shaded.. Travaux du Centre d'expérimentation agronomique du Laos en 1947, 1948 et.! Regularly producing roots ( i.e hence the name M. ; Stür, W. W. ( Eds grasses native! To our customers throughout Sydney, Blue Mountains, Central Coast, Newcastle and Illawarra NSW the purity! Tropical and temperate regions of the world: a checklist and brief analysis 650 to 800.. 100 % sterility and triploids were highly sterile ; corky ; tough ; subulate. Name, they are formidable beasts and the environment worldwide ; thinner than fertile lemma the is! A whole northern Eurasia and North America, and could be a cause of confusion areas through its as. Make hay combining the species with legumes such as Leucaena leucocephala, Arachis pintoi cv parts...: status as determined by CABI editor they may give conflicting information on the Station! Inflorescence axis 2–10 cm long x 5-12 mm broad obtained by an equation Biosecurity Queensland Edition http!: global Environmental Research, 8 ( 2 ):143-150 name in BISON that...

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